Major Allergy Symptoms and Treatment

Although we have described a few common allergy symptoms and will devote a future section to treatment, we suggest you use this guide arranged by body location to be aware of common symptoms affecting you, the potential severity, and what to do if a symptom is intolerable. This list is not comprehensive, but covers the most common situations.

Eyes

What – Redness, Swelling, Itching, Watering

Allergen – Airborne irritants such as smoke, pollen, industrial pollutants, dust, pet dander

What to Do – Avoid scratching the area, which can lead to infection. A cool compress may provide immediate relief. Your doctor may be able to prescribe topical medication in the form of eye drops or ointment.

Nose

What – Runny nose, Sneezing, Congestion, Sinus headaches, Bloody nose, Infections

Allergen ? Airborne irritants such as smoke, pollen, industrial pollutants, dust, pet dander

What to Do – These symptoms can be treated for immediate relief with nasal sprays or over-the-counter antihistamines.*

Severe reactions that lead to bloody nose or infections should be reported to your doctor, to make sure that nothing more serious is at fault.

Mouth

What ? Itching in mouth, swelling of tongue and lips

Allergen ? Food allergens

What to Do ? Avoidance of allergen, emergency epinephrine

Chest/Throat

What ? Coughing, Wheezing, Inflammation of bronchial tubes, Tightness of the chest, Mucous buildup, Drop in blood pressure, Anaphylactic shock

Allergen ? Airborne irritants, Ingested allergens Food allergens

What to Do ? For minor symptoms, drinking a hot beverage such as tea may stop the histamine response. For more severe symptoms, inhalers may be prescribed.* For the most severe symptom, anaphylactic shock, seek emergency treatment.

Stomach/GI Tract

What ? Vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps and pain

Allergen ? Food allergens

What to Do ? Avoidance of allergen